San Girolamo dei Croati

(Click on any photo to see a larger version)

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(To see photos of the chapels on the left side click here)
(To see photos of the chapels on the right side click here)

St Jerome of the Croats is the 16th century titular church of the Pontifical Croatian College of St Jerome, and the national church of Croatia.

For reference, a plan of the church is available here.


The church was first recorded in the 11th century, and was then called Santa Marina de Posterula. The church fell into ruin in the 15th century. Pope Nicholas V, in 1453, gave the pious association of the Croatian the then dilapidated church on the left bank of the Tiber, near the mausoleum of the Roman Emperor Augustus. Along with the church they also received permission for the construction of a hospice and a hospital for their countrymen. They repaired the church and re-dedicated it to St Jerome, their patron who had been born in Illyria. Hence, the church was named San Girolamo degli Illirici or degli Schiavoni.

The Slavic expatriates were organized into a formal confraternity, and in 1587 Pope Sixtus V had the church completely rebuilt for the Croatian-speaking community in Rome. The architects were Martino Longhi the Elder and Giovanni Fontana. The iconographic program of the frescoes were executed by a team of painters led by Giovanni Guerra. The church was built in just over two years.

In 1790 Pope Pius VI founded a seminary here for Croat candidates for the priesthood.

In 1847, by the will of Pope Pius IX, the church underwent an overall restoration. This is when the enormous fresco cycle by Pietro Gagliardi was executed. As a result of the 2016 earthquakes in Italy there was another restoration in 2018-2020.

Related Links: from Roman Churches Wiki
from Cathopedia
Pontifical Croatian College of San Girolamo
Roma non per Tutti blog

Location: 41° 54' 18"N 12° 28' 32.5"E

Detailed information and description

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Copyright Skip Conde 2012-2023