San Girolamo dei Croati

(Click on any photo to see a larger version)

1a356187 1b456852 1h963547 1c159741 1e564289
1d978159 1m248635 1n456852 1k482657 1g486237

Nave
2b680954 2a687534 2m678321 2Am53698 2j978645 2h247634
2n943167 2d579864 2f789345 2e904562 2p392817 2q483975

Transept
Tc758632 Tb462587 4g729381 4f943167 4e349761 4c753159
4d179328 4h268419 5b456852 5a971364 5c852465 5g759183

Sanctuary
7a789321 7b147963 7c456852 7d456852 7e753951 7f486291
7k593756 7m791382 7n482673 7p624891 7q739146

(To see photos of the chapels on the left side click here)
(To see photos of the chapels on the right side click here)

St Jerome of the Croats is the 16th century titular church of the Pontifical Croatian College of St Jerome, and the national church of Croatia.

For reference, a plan of the church is available here.

History

The church was first recorded in the 11th century, and was then called Santa Marina de Posterula. The church fell into ruin in the 15th century. Pope Nicholas V, in 1453, gave the pious association of the Croatian the then dilapidated church on the left bank of the Tiber, near the mausoleum of the Roman Emperor Augustus. Along with the church they also received permission for the construction of a hospice and a hospital for their countrymen. They repaired the church and re-dedicated it to St Jerome, their patron who had been born in Illyria. Hence, the church was named San Girolamo degli Illirici or degli Schiavoni.

The Slavic expatriates were organized into a formal confraternity, and in 1587 Pope Sixtus V had the church completely rebuilt for the Croatian-speaking community in Rome. The architects were Martino Longhi the Elder and Giovanni Fontana. The iconographic program of the frescoes were executed by a team of painters led by Giovanni Guerra. The church was built in just over two years.

In 1790 Pope Pius VI founded a seminary here for Croat candidates for the priesthood.

In 1847, by the will of Pope Pius IX, the church underwent an overall restoration. This is when the enormous fresco cycle by Pietro Gagliardi was executed. As a result of the 2016 earthquakes in Italy there was another restoration in 2018-2020.

Related Links: from Roman Churches Wiki
from Cathopedia
Pontifical Croatian College of San Girolamo
Roma non per Tutti blog

Location: 41° 54' 18"N 12° 28' 32.5"E

Detailed information

If you have any comments, questions, suggestions or corrections, please contact me here
Copyright Skip Conde 2012-2021